This web site is to advocate for a ban on housing deficits, cities with housing deficits should not be allowed to have height limits on residential apartment buildings.
Key Ideas: If you want stability and progress, you need negative feedback. Positive feedback leads to instability. Recognize that the society has a finite amount of resources. To achieve success, acknowledge the laws of physics/fysik and what cognitive science is finding about the human brain. Insurance and government help are for unplanned events. Planned events should be paid for by the planner.
The amount of Fossil Fuel Consumed by workers and students who commute into a city or university due to lack of housing should be the main factor in determining how sustainable that city/university is:
Yet, this is frequently omitted from measures of sustainability, just having few solar panels is a drop in the bucket when 1 looks at the total fossil fuel consumption. Electric Cars are NOT fossil fuel free. To be honest, you should take into consideration the amount of fossil fuel consumed at the power plant, that is required to generate the electricity used by an electric vehicle. The amount of fossil fuel consumed in building and maintaining the roads and freeways should also be included. The amount fossil fuel consumed in treating victims of automobile accidents should also be included.
Electric cars might pollute much more than petrol or diesel-powered cars
Electric car factories also emitted more toxic waste than conventional car factories(http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-19830232)
The point I want to make is 1 floor of commercial space creates demand for
10-25 floors of residential space, this is often underestimated and the housing
never gets build. This results in a chronic shortage of housing.
In modern offices, you can have 1 person every 2-4 m^2, but a family of 4 needs > 100 m^2 to live comfortably. This means 1 floor of commercial space creates demand for 25-50 floors of residential spaceofthe same surface area.
To understand why housing can become very expensive, consider the situation where 5 housing units are available and 500 workers need them. The algorithm that the landlord executes is keep increasing the price until only 5 people can afford the 5 units.
To bring down the cost of housing, you should get to a situation, where if 500 housing units are needed by workers > 600 units are available and now competition among landlords start to the benefit of the renters.
Another reason residential buildings should be allowed to exceed 17 stories is
in steel framed buildings, when the height exceeds 17 stories, the incremental
cost of adding an extra floor starts going down. Thus building 1 17 stories
building is cheaper than building 2 8 stories building and it uses less carbon
too. Also, the higher a building, the less infrastructures resources/floor,
such as sidewalk and street lighting is used.
Housing should be added on top of steel framed buildings, so they exceed 17
stories, because then, the incremental cost of adding 1 floor of apartments
starts going down.
We need a state law that forces every city to be balanced and that forces every
city to house its workers and students (number of housing units > (4 * number
of jobs) + number of university students), the law should not allow any
University or college to expand without supplying the additional housing
required by the expansion. Cities with housing deficits should not be allowed
to have height limits on residential apartment buildings.
Every city and university should think of itself as a cruise ship or a small island and be required to house all its workers and students.
Another possibility is to get US census figures on the number of people living
in the US and the number of jobs. The ratio should give an approximate estimate
of minimum acceptable number of housing units/job. There should also be a slight
surplus of housing in every city to house people displaced due to catastrophes.
Forcing a developer to set aside 20 units of affordable housing when > 20000 people need them is a drop in the bucket.
What proportion of affordable housing needs is this policy solving?
All the eco/green programs won't work if you don't tackle overpopulation, housing deficits and suburban sprawl and honestly take into consideration the full cost of transportation.
Simple example on how to make housing expensive: build office space to employ 25000 people and build housing for only 100!! here you created demand for 100000 housing units ( 25000 and their families), but you built 100 units, thus you created a shortage of 99900 housing units. Another way, housing costs are increased is by increasing the cost of production. Frequently, city bureaucracies force housing developers to conduct study after study after study that end up adding millions of dollars to the cost of construction, then imbecilic city regulations force housing developers to build large amounts of parking space, that also greatly adds to the cost of construction (1 parking space costs around $30000 to build) and then these same politicians want to encourage people to go car free!!
The U.S. antitrust laws are supposed to prohibit this scenario. The main act that was passed in Congress is called the Sherman act. According to the book " Antitrust Law " by Philip Areeda and Herbert Hovenkamp(http://www.amazon.com/Antitrust-Law-Phillip-E-Areeda/dp/073552694X)
call number kf1649 a741 copy 1 page 4, the general goal of the Sherman Act is to promote "competition" and "maximize consumer welfare by encouraging firms to behave competitively".
It seems to me that zoning laws that enact a maximum height limit and put other restrictions on housing do the exact opposite of the Sherman Act: They minimize consumer (consumers of the housing commodity) welfare by encouraging firms (providers of the housing commodity) to behave NON competitively.
From the state of California booklet on antitrust:
On page 3, under " Other agreements among competitors ", I notice that output limitations are almost always illegal. Cities, in the name of Landlords and Property Owners, enact zoning laws that limit the amount of housing using height limits, allowing only single family homes etc. The consequence of these zoning laws is it is impossible to build enough housing to house all the workers and students who work or go to school in that city. No matter how you cut it, a City does not have the RIGHT TO SIMULTANEOUSLY ALLOW THE BUILDING OF OFFICES AND UNIVERSITIES AND PROHIBIT THE BUILDING OF THE NECESSARY HOUSING to meet the demand generated by those buildings. To protect consumers, construction of offices and universities should be accompanied by the construction of more than enough housing to meet the additional demand for housing generated by the additional construction of offices and universities. I believe this matter is the MOTHER OF ALL ANTITRUST cases. The antitrust laws should be clarified and amended to ban housing deficits and force every city to be balanced and be capable of housing all its workers and students.
Proposal to include the full energy cost of transportation on measures of sustainability for buildings and cities:
Let Si and Sj be 2 structures. A structure can be a building, a city or some other surface area.
Let Tij be a transportation trip between Si and Sj,
The following shows that high-rise steel framed building represent an economic solution for housing people:
Construction crew in the south-central Chinese city of Changsha has completed a 15-story hotel in just 6 days (http://news.yahoo.com/s/yblog_upshot/20101112/bs_yblog_upshot/chinese-workers-build-15-story-hotel-in-just-six-days)
In 2012, the Chinese sustainable building company, Broad Group, has yet attempted another impossible feat, building a 30-story tall hotel prototype in 360 hours, after building a 15-story building in a week earlier in 2011 (http://www.my-architecture.com/news/30story-building-built-in-15-days)
The following shows the devastation of chronic housing deficits on low income workers:
26% of (US) renters are paying more than half their pre-tax income for housing (rent plus utilities). This is the highest in over 50 years.
About 24.8% of renter householders within the Boston region were spending more than half their pre-tax income on housing and utilities in 2009, up from 19.7% in 2000
Housing is the most expensive part of a college education. For example The
crown for most expensive housing belongs to the University of California, Berkeley
UC Berkeley Professors Face High Home Prices, Limited Housing
Back in 1960, a first-year UC Berkeley assistant professor could afford to buy
a home in Berkeley with a median salary of $7,008 and median home price at
$16,600, making the price-to-income ratio 2.4, according to the City of
Berkeley Housing Element of the General Plan from 2001
Today, two first-year assistant professors cannot afford a home together in
Berkeley on salaries alone. For an entry UC Berkeley assistant professor making
$80,000 annually, the median cost of a Berkeley home, $769,500 , is more than 9
times his or her salary.
San Francisco Bay Area households spend up to 2/3 of their income on transportation
and housing costs, a severe burden that leaves workers with insufficient resources
for other basic needs.
The high combined costs of housing and transportation $41,420 per year represents 59% of the median household income
1 more reason to outlaw housing deficits: commuting by car or public transport, compared to walking or cycling, has a negative impact on health (http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-10/bc-c-b102811.php)
greater commuting distances are associated with decreased cardiorespiratory fitness, increased weight, and other indicators of metabolic risk(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-05/ehs-lcm050212.php)
Whether your neighborhood is conducive to walking could determine your risk for developing diabetes(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-09/smh-rod091712.php)
Cutting out short auto trips and replacing them with mass transit and active transport would yield major health benefits, The biggest health benefit was due to replacing half of the short trips with bicycle trips during the warmest 6 months of the year, saving about $3.8 billion per year from avoided mortality and reduced health care costs for conditions like obesity and heart disease (http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-11/uow-iuo103111.php)
late stage liver condition, known as minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE), is associated with impaired driving skills and greater risk of motor vehicle accidents,
this means people with minimal hepatic encephalopathy should not drive(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-03/w-dat032712.php)
Frequency and distance at which drivers with moderate levels of blurred vision and cataracts recognize pedestrians at night was severely reduced, even when the drivers have passed the required vision test. This means drivers with moderate levels of blurred vision and cataracts should not drive. 1 more reason to ban housing deficits and switch to a pedestrian oriented society.(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-04/afri-cas041012.php)
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates there are 15 pedal-misapplication crashes a month in the United States, and the drivers in almost 2/3 of such crashes are women
Drivers aged 16 to 20 and those 76 or older were most likely to be involved in pedal-misapplication crashes
The single factor that may explain over-involvement in pedal-misapplication crashes at both ends of the driver-age distribution is poor executive function
The relevant areas of the brain do not fully develop until young adulthood, and have been shown to decline with advanced age
Gas pedal accidents gained notoriety in 2003 when an 86-year-old male driver mistakenly stepped on the gas pedal of his car instead of the brake and then panicked, plowing into an open-air market in Santa Monica, California. 10 people were killed and 63 injured
Halting climate change will require "a fundamental and disruptive overhaul of the global energy system" to eradicate harmful carbon dioxide emissions, not just stabilize them(http://news.uci.edu/press-releases/major-cuts-to-surging-co2-emissions-are-needed-now-not-down-the-road-study-finds)
Consequence of ignoring housing deficits and irresponsible breeding: Global temperatures are close to 11,000-year peak. Planet is set to get hotter than at any time since last ice age by end of century(http://www.nature.com/news/global-temperatures-are-close-to-11-000-year-peak-1.12564)
Car crashes cost U.S. $300 Billion a year:
According to AAA each traffic fatality costs an average of $6 million dollars
According to AAA: Fatal motor vehicle crash costs $6 million and the average cost of an injury-only crash is $126,000
(http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/story/2011-11-02/fatal-vehicle-crashes-cost-millions/51051030/1 and http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-500202_162-57317446/car-crashes-cost-u.s-$300b-a-year-aaa/)
The embarrassing question that should be asked is who pays for the victims of underinsured drivers.
It should NOT be the victims of underinsured drivers.
Victims of underinsured private transport vehicle drivers should be compensated the same as if the injury was caused by a public transport vehicle.
Anything less would be a subsidy to private transport vehicles and a mentality of blaming the victims of underinsured drivers.
In 2011, Liability insurance for private transport vehicles should be $6 million dollars indexed to inflation, which is an accurate reflection of the cost of driving.
Sates should have to adequately compensate victims of underinsured drivers before being able to use federal highway transportation funds for building and maintaining the transportation infrastructure.
Private transport vehicles should have to pay an additional charge/Km, that is also a function of the risk profile of the driver, that would go into a fund, which would be used to compensate the Victims of underinsured drivers.
Victims of underinsured drivers should get compensated the same as if the injury was caused by a public transport vehicle, the fund could then try to collect from underinsured drivers.
If everybody is adequately insured, the extra tax/Km would go down to 0.
The state and DMV, that allow underinsured drivers should have to make up the difference that automobile insurance and the extra tax/Km cannot pay.
This will give states and DMVs the incentives to keep risky drivers off the road and automobile insurance adequate to be able to pay for the damage caused by private transport vehicles.
There should be NO subsidy to the the transportation infrastructure, building and maintaining the transportation infrastructure should be paid for entirely by users of the transportation infrastructure, just as users of the electric infrastructure fully pay for the electric infrastructure.
For example, who is supposed to pay for the treatment and care of Victims of underinsured drivers, that fall into the following categories:
SCI = chronic spinal cord injury
Spinal Cord. 2000 Jun;38(6):331-9.
Megacolon in patients with chronic spinal cord injury
CONCLUSION:Megacolon is a highly prevalent disorder in individuals with chronic spinal cord injury. Our findings suggest that the presence of megacolon may be predicted in older individuals, and in those who are more than 10 years post-SCI. We also found that clinical constipation was frequently present in individuals with megacolon, despite their significantly greater use of laxative(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10889561)
Toxic megacolon following spinal cord injury
full article in Pa Med. 1984 Dec;87(12):51-2.(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6542646)
Late-life spinal cord injury and aging with a long term injury
J Spinal Cord Med. 1995 Jul;18(3):183-93.
Spinal cord injuries were usually the result of automobile accidents in individuals injured younger than 50 years of age and falls in individuals injured when older than 50 years of age. Patients surviving late life injury are much more likely to have incomplete injuries predominantly affecting the cervical spine. A number of conditions were found to be more prevalent in older patients. These included carpal tunnel syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, myocardial infarction, diabetes, kidney stones, pressure ulcers and hypertension(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7552423)
Stairs should be open to the public:
In 2011, there is an epidemic of Movement Deficit Underactivity Disorder and type 2 diabetes.
Yet, the Stairs of lot of highrise buildings are closed to the public forcing them to use the elevator even when going a couple of floors.
There should be a very simple law: if you can go between 2 floors using the
elevator, you should have the option of using the stairs. There should be a
heavy fine (> $10000/day indexed to inflation) for buildings that close their
Stairs should have handles on both sides allowing people to use both arms while climbing stairs. This will also prevent falling. If wider stairs are needed, multiple lanes can be built with handles as separators.
Having 1 spiral ramp instead of 2nd set of stairs is helpful, it will help folks in wheelchairs to be evacuated in case of power failure. It also helps moving things on wheels between floors without using the elevators.
Elevators should generate energy when going down.
Hanging your laundry should never be prohibited:
This is a cheap low tech way of using solar and wind energy.
Better Approach to affordable housing:
Darwinian algorithm to improve the efficiency of bureaucracies and organizations
- Outlaw housing deficits at the state, federal or world level and force every city to be balanced as described above.
- Give rent stamps to help low income people.
- In the meantime, if a developer provides > 15% affordable housing, there should be no height limit and no parking requirements.
If you want stability and progress, you need negative feedback. This algorithm provides negative feedback by allowing memes/memones to compete against each other.
Assume M man hours are allocated to a set of job duties. As an example, assume M = 4x40 man hours = 160 man hours
1-setup a competition among several groups doing similar job duties and announce a monetary reward to the group that can do it in the least amount of time for a specified interval of time, t0, such as 1 year.
2-At the end of the specified interval of time, t0, the group that wins would have done its job duties in M0 < M, gets the monetary reward and teaches the other what methods/tricks it used to improve the efficiency. As an example, assume M0 = 4x35 man hours = 140 man hours
3-for the next specified interval of time, t1, M0 becomes the man hours allocated to the original set of job duties
4-Organization splits profits 50-50 with workers: work week is reduced to 35-36 hours/week (allowing for a fudge factor) ang get paid (36+40)/2 = 38 hours/week
Organization should not lay off people, but rather reduce the work of all workers and split profits 50-50 with workers
Iteration is repeated.
Improvements in efficiency and productivity should be shared by all to create a win win situation.
This also means an end to a guaranteed full-time job.
A friend of mine has calculated that in the last 80 years,
productivity has improved by 2% / year. This means to accomplish the same
things we did in 40 Hours/week 80 years ago, we need to work
40 * (0.98)**80 = 7.94 Hrs/week today.
Assume we want 2.5 x the things we had 80 years ago, It means we have to work 19.86 <
20 Hrs/week today. My point is there has to be a reduction in the work week for
everybody to work.
If you look at human society as an organism, as the organism becomes more efficient, it has to work less.
We cannot afford to ignore this simple fact.
Please support a policy that promotes full enjoyment rather than full employment.
Sleep disorders common among police officers
maybe it is time to employ police officers < 30 hrs/wk this way municipalities never have to pay overtime (http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-12/jaaj-sdc121511.php)
the following shows the impossibility of continued exponential growth in energy use
and the impossibility of continued exponential growth in the economy
Reality check about renewable energy(http://www.thebulletin.org/web-edition/columnists/dawn-stover/reality-check)
You don't need to be Albert Einstein to conclude the impossibility of continued growth in human population
In Danzig in 1529 Anton Müller discovered the so-called ribbon-loom (also called a small-wares loom), which produced from 4 to 6 pieces of cloth at the same time, but, since the City Council was afraid that this discovery could make paupers of a large number of the workers, they suppressed it, and had the inventor secretly drowned or strangled. In Leyden the same machine was used in 1629, but the lacemakers' riots forced the authorities to ban it. In Germany, it was banned by Imperial Edicts in 1685 and in 1719. In Hamburg it was burned in public on the instructions of the magistrates.
In the case of Anton Müller, it would have been better to enjoy the benefits of his invention, cut the work hours in half and pay workers 75% of their original salary.
If a public or private entity needs to reduce the number of man-hours, it would be better to reduce the work and pay of 80% of workers before starting to lay off.
It is better to have 5 people work 24 hrs/week rather than have 3 work 40 hrs/week and 2 work 0 hrs/week.
Now, there is talk about reducing the size of public workforce. It would be better to reduce work to say 28 hrs/week and pay workers as if they were working 32 hrs/week
Introduce some negative feedback into the unemployment insurance tax
Organizations, that pre-agree to reduce the work and pay of 80% of workers to 20-30 hrs/week before starting to lay off, should be rewarded with a lower unemployment insurance tax.
This approach also leads to skills preservation.
Public sector organizations should take the lead implementing this policy.
It would be better to reduce work of police and firefighters personnel to say 28 hrs/week and pay workers as if they were working 32 hrs/week than laying off 10-15% of the workforce.
Introduce some negative feedback into the work week
Make the work week a decreasing function of the unemployment. The higher the unemployment, the lower the work week.
public work for improving sustainability
1 public work I would suggest is making sure all our public and state
universities have enough housing to house all their students, workers, postdocs and
faculty within walking distance in clean high rise apartment buildings. This
will permanently reduce fossil fuel consumption.
it also makes sense to make sure all federal and state capitals have enough
housing to house all state legislators and their staff within walking distance
in clean high rise apartment buildings. This will eliminate the need for
expensive housing and daily living expenses and will permanently reduce fossil
fuel consumption and the cost of housing for university students, whether the society or the student's household pays for the housing.
Housing should be built using the most efficient methods such as:
In 2012, the Chinese sustainable building company, Broad Group, has yet attempted another impossible feat, building a 30 story tall hotel prototype in 360 hours, after building a 15-story building in a week earlier in 2011 (http://www.my-architecture.com/news/30story-building-built-in-15-days),
1st Fully 3D Printed Building May Take Shape in 2013
Protohouse 2.0 will be 4 meters by 8 meters and incorporate furniture, stairs, even curtains into the print design.(http://singularityhub.com/2013/04/04/first-fully-3d-printed-building-may-take-shape-this-year/)
Drexel Engineers Develop Cement With 97% Smaller Carbon Dioxide and Energy Footprint (http://www.drexel.edu/now/news-media/releases/archive/2012/February/Engineers-Develop-Cement-With-97-Percent-Smaller-Carbon-Dioxide-and-Energy-Footprint/)
Australian companies Elenberg Fraser and Unitised Building have come up with a prefabricated modular building system they claim is equally suited to knocking up a quick skyscraper as it is a modern, designer house(http://www.gizmag.com/klik-prefabricated-modular-buildings/27412/)
Achtung resistive heating
Resistive heating or generating heat by forcing an electric current thru a resistive element converts electrical energy into thermal energy. It is a waste of energy, because 100% of electrical energy can be converted into thermal energy, only 30% - 40% of thermal energy generated by burning fossil fuel can be converted into electrical energy.
The efficiency of thermal to mechanical conversion is limited by Carnot's theorem (T1-T0)/T0 All temperatures are in deg Kelvin(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnot_cycle)
Resistive Heating is stupid and bad for the environment. Heating with electricity uses about 3 times more
energy than heating by directly burning fossil fuel. To generate electricity,
fossil fuel is burned at the power plant and only 1/3 of the thermal energy can
be converted into electrical energy. Thus, consumers end up using about 3 times
more fossil fuel when heating with electricity rather than using fossil fuel
directly. A case can be made for banning all electric kitchens and electric
heaters or putting a sales tax of > 100% on appliances that use resistive heating.
using energy more efficiently can be just as beneficial as finding new ways to produce energy more efficiently(http://www.nrel.gov/news/features/feature_detail.cfm/feature_id=2111)
The global capacity for energy generation from wind power has been overestimated, and that geophysical / climate effects of turbines will reduce the benefits of large-scale power installations, the generating capacity of very large wind power installations (larger than 100 square kilometers) may peak at between 0.5 and 1 watts per square meter. Previous estimates, which ignored the turbines' slowing effect on the wind, had put that figure at between 2 and 7 watts per square meter(http://www.seas.harvard.edu/news-events/press-releases/rethinking-wind-power)
fossil fuel required to build grid-scale storage batteries could negate some of the environmental benefits of new solar and wind farms(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-03/su-ssc030813.php)
Unpleasant facts about frost free, frostless or no-frost refrigerators: they use resistive heating
Also, what happens to the frost in a so called frost free refrigerator, if there is an electric failure for several days such as what happened on the east coast in 2012. The frost is going to melt and fall on the floor and create a mess. At least with a manual defrost energy efficient refrigerator, the tray will catch the melted frost and you can throw it away.
Also, the energy star ratings, which are approved by government agencies, are deceptive: they only compare a so called frost free refrigerator with a resistive heating element inside it to other so called frost free refrigerators with a resistive heating element inside them. They don't dare comparing a so called frost free refrigerator with a resistive heating element inside it to a properly maintained manual defrost energy efficient refrigerator with same volume and cooling capacity.
The manual defrost energy efficient refrigerator will always use less energy and should be included in the energy star ratings.
Consumers should know upfront that so called frost free refrigerator have a resistive heating element inside it to melt the frost and an explanation where the melted frost goes and what happens in case of an electric failure.
manual defrost refrigerators are generally more energy efficient than automatic defrost refrigerators but proper maintenance of manual defrost refrigerators is necessary to realize the energy savings(http://energystar.supportportal.com/link/portal/23002/23018/Article/13960/Are-manual-defrost-refrigerators-more-energy-efficient)
A manual defrost refrigerator uses half the energy of an automatic defrost model but must be defrosted regularly to stay energy efficient(http://www.consumerenergycenter.org/home/appliances/refrigerators.html)
Automatic defrost refrigerators work by heating the interior refrigerator coils at regular intervals. This prevents frost from building up and allows for effective cooling of the refrigerator or freezer. However, because it introduces a heating element to the cooled space, the refrigerator uses more energy than it otherwise would(http://energystar.supportportal.com/link/portal/23002/23018/Article/16885/What-is-the-difference-between-automatic-and-manual-defrost-If-I-have-a-refrigerator-that-I-need-to-manually-defrost-how-do-I-do-it-and-how-often-is-it-needed)
In tests of 4 different types of new refrigerators, NIST researchers found that ice makers increased rated energy consumption by 12 to 20%. About 3/4 of that additional energy cost is due to the electric heaters used to release the ice bits from the molds. I think it is time to bring back the non frost free/manual defrost energy efficient refrigerators, which would use less energy and are easier to debug. At least give consumers a choice.(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-04/nios-thi041411.php)
A better way to defrost is to use LIPS (Slippery Liquid Porous Surfaces) developed at Harvard University, that could be used to keep freezers frost free. A team from Harvard University has developed ultra smooth slippery surfaces that prevent ice sheets from developing by allowing even tiny drops of condensation or frost to simply slide off(http://www.gizmag.com/slippery-liquid-porous-surfaces-slips/22909/)
Some sources of manual defrost energy efficient refrigerator/kühlшrank/kühlschrank/kylskåp
Oasis Montana, (877-627-4768) sells Vestfrost refrigerators(http://www.conservrefrigerators.com/conserv.html)
http://www.ajmadison.com , 8005703355, sells Vestfrost refrigerators(http://www.ajmadison.com/cgi-bin/ajmadison/CP171W.html)
http://www.sunfrost.com , (707) 822-9095, firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com , sells manual defrost energy efficient refrigerators(http://www.sunfrost.com)
Give full Body Sovereignty and the right for responsible hedonism for each adult mature person over the age of 27, ban lungs molestation and give victims of lungs molestation the right to sue the molester for > $10e6/incident indexed to inflation
2nd hand smoke is lungs molestation, it should be banned and the victims should have the right to sue the molester for > $10e6/incident indexed to inflation
I urge you to use the term lungs molestation when describing 2nd hand smoke.
I support the right of all adult mature people over the age 27 in the society to put any chemical in their bodies.
I don't recognize the right of anybody to put chemicals into my body or in the air I am about to breathe, such as by smoking or holding a burning tobacco or marijuana cigarette.
The key question is if I am walking in the public domain who decides what chemicals touch my lungs and sinuses?
Should I or the person p0 smoking or holding a burning cigarette make the decision ?
I think I and NOT p0 should make the decision.
I have never consented to allow the chemicals from burning cigarettes touch my lungs and sinuses.
I support banning smoking. I and others have NEVER consented to have our lungs and sinuses raped and molested by cigarettes and marijuana smokers. I and other victims of lungs and sinuses rape and molestion should be able to sue offender for $10e6 indexed to inflation / incident.
Consumption of tobacco and marijuana products should be limited to the non-smoking route.
Smokers are nothing but a bunch of spoiled fascist lung molesters. They have the attitude:
I want to smoke and whether you like it or not, you have the duty to breathe the smoke coming out of my cigarette.
They also have this sense of entitlement that they can throw their cigarette butts often without extinguishing them on the sidewalk.
These faschist animals and lungs molesters don't understand the language of please. The only language they understand is the threat of law suits.
Also, cigarette smoke can trigger into past smokers the urge to restart smoking. Smokers should never have that kind of power.
Currently laws assume the brain matures at 21, but cognitive scientists have determined that the brain does not mature until the age of 27.
1 of the cheapest tobacco prevention methods would be to delay the age at which a person can buy cigarettes to 25 maybe.
The appropriate age should be determined after consulting with cognitive scientists, who have been doing the functional MRIs and studying the structure of the brain.
I propose the following:
Support full Body Sovereignty and the right for responsible hedonism for each adult mature person over the age of 27
This is necessary to have democracy (rule of majority), without tyranny of the majority or a bureaucracy appointed by the majority and accountable to nobody
Let p0 be any adult mature person over the age of 27.
Every adult mature person in the society p0 should have full Sovereignty over p0.
only p0 should have full Sovereignty over p0,
p0 should have full Sovereignty only over p0.
If p1 violates p0's full Sovereignty over p0, po has the right to sue p1 for large monetary damages (> 10e6 indexed to inflation)
(cognitive science has determined 27 the age at which most people's brains mature)
Let p0 and p1 be any 2 distinct mature adult persons in the society
If p0 and p1 want to marry/have sex, that is the business of p0 and p1 only and the business of nobody else,
p0 should have the right to put any chemical/drug in p0's body witout FDA approval.
p0 should have no right to put any chemical/drug in p1's body without p1's consent, where p1 is any other member of the society.
p0 has no right to hold a burning cigarette on the sidewalk as there are other
pedestrians who have never consented to allow the chemicals touch their lungs
The DEA and the FDA have degenerated into faschist organizations.
The DEA should be eliminated and Adults over 27 should have absolute sovereignty over their bodies. That means the right to have an abortion, euthanasia, buy any chemical for their own use without a prescription.
The drug approval part of the FDA should be done by an international committee, that should be considered only as a recommendation.
This gives countries the opportunities to pool their resources and save money. After all the scientific data is the same. Why duplicate work?
Government role should be to make sure commerce is honest, i.e. full disclosure on all known costs and benefits
What does pro-choice and pursuit of happiness mean when adults over 27 do not have absolute sovereignty over their bodies?
Neither the FDA nor smokers in the public domain should have the right to dictate what goes into people's bodies.
What I find stupid is when people reach the age of 18, they can gamble and smoke, but they need a prescription to buy drugs that are effective at reducing the urge to smoke and gamble, such as naltrexone, an opiate inhibitor, and buprenorphine
I support banning smoking on sidewalks, malls, parks and other places. I and
others have NEVER consented to have our lungs and sinuses raped and molested by
cigarettes and marijuana smokers.
Victims of lungs and sinuses rape and molestation should be able to sue offender
for $10e6 indexed to inflation / incident.
Smokers should use nicotine chewing gums, marijuana brownies or other methods of drug delivery, such as a device like a
Smokeless cannabis delivery device efficient and less toxic
I support people's rights to sovereignty over their bodies and my own right to
sovereignty over my body.
Mutual acknowledgement of full body sovereignty for adults over the age of 27 should be 1 of the foundations of a civil society.
I support a comprehensive policy, that requires children by the the age of 12 to have basic knowledge about:
2-chemistry of the various neurotransmitters
3-how drugs modulate activity of various neurotransmitters
4-how the brain is structured (reptilian part, frontal lobe, pleasure and pain centers, etc..)
5-how the various brain structures work
6-important findings in cognitive science, including the famous experiment of Filip Zimbardo and how most people follow the herd just for the sake of group acceptance.
7-introduction to the concept of addiction, advancements in treating addiction, such as:
7.1-Naltrexone (50mg oral dose) plus buprenorphine (4 mg sublingual) combination in the treatment of opioid dependence(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16401652)
7.2-Naltrexone (mean dose of 117mg/day) reported significantly greater decline in stealing behavior compared to those taking placebo(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2009-04/uom-dcu033109.php)
7.3-Wide range of drugs can be effective for treating gambling addiction in the short term. Prof. Pinhas Dannon of Tel Aviv University is recommending an extended treatment regimen for optimal results,
7.4-For long-term effectiveness gambling addicts need to stick out a course of treatment for at least 2 years in order for Naltrexone to work most efficiently(http://www.aftau.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=14326)
7.5-naltrexone commonly used for alcoholism curbs urges of pathological gamblers(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/uom-dcu061308.php)
7.6-Suppression of voluntary ethanol consumption in rats by gamma-butyrolactone(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/gamma-butyrolactone)
GBL, injected intraperitoneally at the dose of 200 mg/kg, twice daily for 3 consecutive days, decreased ethanol intake by about 80% on the days of treatment, but did not reduce total fluid intake. Ethanol intake remained significantly reduced up to the 5th day following cessation of GBL(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T99-475TFRF-S&_user=10&_coverDate=03/28/1983&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_origin=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStrId=1450484882&_rerunOrigin=google&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=867efe6d104d74cd116f3cf394b9bfc1&searchtype=a and http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/002432058390913X)
7.7-gabapentin, currently on the market to treat neuropathic pain and epilepsy, helps people to quit smoking marijuana(http://www.scripps.edu/news/press/2012/20120424mason.html)
I am mentioning gamma-butyrolactone, because it gets digested into
Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid, a date rape drug(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamma-Hydroxybutyric_acid)
It is banned, although ethanol+marijuana would be a better date rape drug,
because some people can misuse it. Instead it should be legal and studied as a
potential chemical to help with ethanol addiction.
8-how humans are predictably irrational(http://www.predictablyirrational.com/)
9-respect people's Sovereignty over their bodies.
Use a smokeless cannabis delivery inhaler device efficient and less toxic, that does not violate people's Sovereignty over their bodies.(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-05/uoc--scd051507.php)
10-effect of smoking on athletic performance, especially endurance events.
11-students should get an accurate idea on the time and material it takes to raise a child before having a chance of getting pregnant.
12-make children aware that their brain is programmed to mindlessly imitate others and teach them to engage the frontal part of the brain and practice rejection of invitation to smoke, gamble and other addictive behavior.
13-The fact that people have sovereignty over their bodies does not give them the right to become a reservoir of germs to infect others, such as by not washing their hands, abusing antibiotics or refusing to get vaccinated.
14-People over the age of 27 have the right to their intact bodies, so they can exercise full sovereignty over their bodies. As a consequence, the barbaric procedure of genital mutilation or circumcision should be outlawed. Victims of genital mutilation or circumcision should be able to sue every imbecile who participated in the planning and execution of this barbaric procedure for $1 million in punitive damages indexed to inflation.
15-Subjecting A to excessive noise, that disturbs A's ability to sleep and concentrate without A's consent should be considered a violation of A's sovereignty over A's body. A should have the right to sue the offender for $1 million in punitive damages indexed to inflation. In 2011, 1500W speakers are available for < $150.
Use negative feedback to achieve stability. Behavior that causes increases of spending by the society should be taxed to pay for itself.
End all lifestyle subsidies. Have a floor of standard of living below which nobody should fall.
Additional steps needed to combat Overpopulation and irresponsible breeding
- All elected representatives should have to file their tax forms without professional help, this will give them the incentive to keep the tax laws simple.
- Eliminate corporate income tax as part of a package that also increases the minimum wage to a livable wage of $15/Hr and index it to inflation, decrease the work week and increase the number of vacations.
If that is not possible, allow companies to expense the dividends they pay to their shareholders.
- Sales Tax of 30-10000% on Advertisement, Political Contributions and Lobbying. You have to think like a mathematician: Banning Political Contributions and Lobbying, which the court of supreme fools has outlawed, would be the equivalent of having infinity Sales Tax. Finite Sales Tax are still legal.
- Sales Tax of 30-100% on compensations >= 100 times the minimum wage. Shareholders should approve compensations >= 100 times the minimum wage.
- Tax Inflation Adjusted (Capital Gains and Dividends) as regular income, but exempt the 1st $15000/year of Dividend and Interest Income from Taxes and index it to inflation to encourage Americans to save.
- Sales Tax of 50-1000% on Infertility Treatment. Overpopulation is a major driving factor in worldwide fossil fuel consumption and global warming.
- Increase the Child support Age to 23 and make University Education, including Housing Free.
- End deductions/allowances for Biological Children. It should be the reverse: the more Children individuals have the more resources they consume and the more Taxes they should pay. For every biological child a household has, add 10 thousand dollars to income when computing taxes and index it to inflation. For every biological child a household has, if 1 of the biological parents is < 23, add 20 thousand dollars to income when computing taxes and index it to inflation.
- End deductions for mortgage interest. If it is not possible to immediately end deductions for mortgage interest, it could be done gradually over a period of 5 years. It is better to use that money, which all comes from the same economy, to have free University/Apprenticeship Education rather than subsidize borrowing money. Telling 18-year old people that they are now on their own and that they need to support themselves and borrow money to continue their Education and not even allowing them to deduct the Education loans and interest does not make any sense.
- Reform the property tax. The property tax should be a function of what it costs to service the property.
This is unrelated to the value of the property. Schools should be financed by taxes on people with biological children.
- End all subsidy to private transportation. Roads and Freeway construction and maintenance should be totally financed by a tax on fossil fuel and charge on every Km a vehicle drives.
- Have a sales tax on behavior, that causes the society to increase spending. This will create a negative feedack loop that brings stability. Example, put a Sales Tax on junk food and use it to partly finance a single payer health plan.
Humans are the result of selfish memes and selfish genes.
Giving each person has the right to reproduce to infinity, but it is the duty of the rest of the society to support the progeny creates a dangereous positive feedback loop that will ensure a crash of the planet's ecosystem.
In nature, if an organism is on its own, if it starves or is killed by a predator, it cannot reproduce.
If organisms live in packs like wild dogs, wolves, only 1 male and 1 female reproduce.
My point is humans have to be able to make win/win deals with each other.
If you are starving or have no H2O, on your own you will die and cannot reproduce.
Society should be able to make a win/win deal with you: Society will provide you with food and H2O so you do not die, but you cannot reproduce or stop at 1.
Single payer insurance plan with negative feedback
- Sales Tax of 50-1000% on Infertility Treatment. Overpopulation is a major driving factor in worldwide fossil fuel consumption and global warming.
Person receiving Infertility Treatment must prove ability to support new children until the age of 23. Otherwise, it should be illegal for doctor to treat the Infertility. If doctor treats the Infertility and recipient is unable to support the children without welfare, doctor is responsible for supporting new children until the age of 23.
- Allow people to opt out of reproductive services, except abortion. This way people planning to reproduce should pay the average cost of a pregnancy in their premium. Really, if people don't have the $5000 - $6000 it costs to bring a child into the world, it means they don't have the $300 x 10e3 - $400 x 10e3 to raise a child and they should abstain from reproducing until they have funds and abort any unintended pregnancy. Insurance and government help are for unplanned events. Planned events should be paid for by the planner.
- States should support their foster children until the age of 23
Insurance and government help are for unplanned events. Planned events should be paid for by the planner
Allow people to opt out of reproductive services, except abortion. This way people planning to reproduce should pay the average cost of a pregnancy in their premium. Really, if people don't have the $5000 - $6000 it costs to bring a child into the world, it means they don't have the $300 x 10e3 - $400 x 10e3 to raise a child and they should abstain from reproducing until they have funds and abort any unintended pregnancy.
Traditional Medicare program allocates only 1% of total spending to overhead compared with 6% when the privatized portion of Medicare(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-02/pfan-str022013.php)
Internet searches on health symptoms can be used to identify drug side effects and could be used to develop a new kind of early warning system to boost drug safety(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-03/bmj-isc030513.php)
low-cost program of aerobic walking is just as effective as expensive clinical therapy in the treatment of lower back pain(http://www.aftau.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=18129)
Processing a prescription through an electronic ordering system can halve the likelihood of a drug error, and avert more than 17 million such incidents in US hospitals in one year alone(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-02/bmj-dps021913.php)
Governments around the world should stop squandering resources fighting an unwinnable war against illegal drugs, such as cocaine and heroin. Instead, they should use the cash to curb antibiotic misuse, including phasing out the use of these drugs in farming, along with factory farming, which poses a far more serious threat to human health(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-02/bmj-sd021913.php)
You cannot have affordable health care with doctors, nurses and dentists graduating with loans > $200000 . All Students should be able to graduate with 0 loans.
In their review of malpractice payouts over $1 million, the researchers say those payments added up to roughly $1.4 billion a year, making up far less than 1% of national medical expenditures in the United States. Defensive medicine costs upwards of $60 billion a year.(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-04/jhm-mp043013.php)
Some reasons why it is not the business of the government to subsidize lending and defend the price of housing
Price and value are 2 different things. For example, a tablet computer, such as an ipad, in 2012 is more powerful and more useful than a computer purchased in 1982.
in 2012 Apple's iPad 2 is as fast as the Cray-2 vector super-computer out of Cray Research from the 1980's (http://www.phoronix.com/scan.php?page=news_item&px=MTE4NjU)
Should the government go out of its way and use the limited resources to make sure the price of a 1982 computer is higher in 2012 than in 1982? What algorithm do you use to determine the set of products and services that get price support?
The society has a fixed amount of resources. Different needs have to compete for these resources. It is better to to fully fund university education and apprenticeship and fully support young people under the age of 25 until they can support themselves before subsidizing lending.
Complete the conversion to metric started in 1866 in the United States
Sec. 204. Metric system authorized:
It shall be lawful throughout the United States of America to employ the weights and measures of the metric system; and no contract or dealing, or pleading in any court, shall be deemed invalid or liable to objection because the weights or measures expressed or referred to therein are weights or measures of the metric system
The use of the metric system made legal in the United States by the Metric Act of 1866 (Public Law 39-183). This law made it unlawful to refuse to trade or deal in metric quantities.
The law should be amended so that in any transaction, if 1 party asks it to be conducted in metric, the transaction should be conducted in metric. The offended party should get the right to sue the offender, who refuses to conduct the transaction in metric for > $10000/transaction indexed to inflation.
All equipment sold in the United States, that displays measurements, must be able to display in metric and should be configured by default to display in metric.
All high schools should teach the metric system at least 2 years before exposing children to the lunatic foot/pound system.
All laws should be expressed in the metric system.
All communications that receive public funding should be expressed in the metric system.
All public agencies that certify weights and measures should be able to certify in the metric system.
Ask people in the census, which system they prefer metric or foot/pound.
The metric system is the language of science.
The metric system was initially designed after the Earth:
10 million meters or 10000 Km = distance Equator to North Pole
a cube of 0.1 meter = 1 liter
1 liter of H2O at its densest temperature, 4 deg Celsius, has a mass of 1 Kg
1 Newton = Force needed to accelerate 1 Kg by 1 meter/sec2
1 Newton = Force needed to be applied for 1 sec to change the quantity of movement/momentum of a mass by (1 Kg x m/sec) (F = d(mv)/dt ) (F and v are 3 dimensional vectors, all units are in metric)
1 Pascal = Pressure exerted by 1 Newton uniformly over a surface of 1 m2
Standard atmospheric Pressure = 100000 Pascals
At a pressure of 1 atmosphere, H2O freezes at 0 deg Celsius/273.15 degrees Kelvin and boils at 100 deg Celsius/373.15 degrees Kelvin
1 joule = energy generated by 1 Newton moving by 1 m in the same direction as the force
1 kilocalorie = amount of heat energy necessary to heat 1 Kg of H2O by 1 deg Celsius
1 kilocalorie = 4180 joules
1 g of carbohydrates gives approximately 4 kilocalories when it combusts completely in O2
1 g of fat gives approximately 9 kilocalories when it combusts completely in O2
12 grams of the isotope C 12 (6 protons + 6 neutrons) contain 1 mole or Avogadro's number of C 12 atoms.
1 mole or Avogadro's number = 6.023 x 10e23.
Einstein's famous equation, E = m x c^2 works only in metric: m is in Kg, c = 3 x 10^8 m/s , E = energy in joules, 1 wh = 3600 (watt-sec or joules). 1 more reason to dump the stupid moronic idiotic foot/pound system and switch to metric.
At a pressure of 1 atmosphere and 0 deg Celsius/273.15 degrees Kelvin, 1 mole or Avogadro's number of perfect gas molecules, Helium is the closest to satisfying the requirements of being a perfect gas, occupy 22.4 liters .
you can find more precise metric definitions and values of constants at
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SI_base_units, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_SI_definitions and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_constant)
Important dates and associated documents in the history of the modern metric system
(http://lamar.colostate.edu/~hillger/dates.htm, http://lamar.colostate.edu/~hillger/usma.html and http://lamar.colostate.edu/~hillger/)
metrication (adoption of S.I. (metric) units) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Laboratory
1 more reason to dump foot/pound and switch to metric: NASA lost a 125 million Mars orbiter because one engineering team used metric units while another used English units for a key spacecraft operation(http://articles.cnn.com/1999-09-30/tech/9909_30_mars.metric_1_mars-orbiter-climate-orbiter-spacecraft-team)
Already, in 2011, all High School and College textbooks have been using metric for more than 20 years now.
Geben Sie dem foot einen Fusstritt in dem Arsch.
Eliminate the primary and switch to instant runoff with at least 16 choices
ASUC = Associated Students of the University of California
The green party has been proposing for several years instant runoff, a system
of voting under which you can rank the candidates:you would indicate on the
ballot your 1st choice, 2nd choice, 3rd choice etc.
If any candidate x1 gets over 50% of the 1st choice vote, x1 wins.
The candidate who got the least of the 1st choice votes is eliminated and then
you examine the 2nd choice votes and you distribute them appropriately to the
other candidates according to what was the 2nd choice of each of these votes.
This procedure is repeated until 1 candidate gets over 50% of the vote.
This way, if your 1st choice does not win, your vote still goes to the 2nd
choice or 3rd choice.
The ASUC has been using instant runoff to elect the president and executive vice presidents.
If commercial voting companies cannot implement instant runoff with at least 16 choices, the ASUC can be hired to do it.
Some thoughts on human communications
A --> B --> C
Let I0 be the information A intends for C to receive.
A transmits I0 to B
B receives and understands I0+err0=I1
B transmits I1 to C
C receives and understands I1+err1=I2
My point is there are always errors in human communications. The more links, the greater the errors.
To minimize errors, it is best for A to communicate directly to C.
Also, this model helps understand why government malfunctions badly sometimes.
Voter --> elected representative --> Director of government agency ... (many layers of bureaucracy) --> government employee executing wishes of voters
Some findings of modern cognitive science
Everyone inherits 2 copies of the catecho-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene,
1 from each parent. It codes for the enzyme that metabolizes
neurotransmitters like dopamine and norepinephrine and comes in 2 common
versions. 1 version, met, contains the amino acid methionine at a point in
its chemical sequence where the other version, val, contains a valine.
Depending on the mix of variants inherited, a person's COMT genes can be typed
met/met, val/val, or val/met.
val/val subjects on amphetamine/amfetamine(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/amphetamine and http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/amfetamin) showed more efficient frontal lobe function
vigabatrin (a.k.a. gamma vinyl-GABA, or GVG)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/vigabatrin and http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a610016.html) blocks drug-seeking behavior in animals previously trained to associate methamphetamine with a particular environment. Reinstatement of drug-seeking behavior after an extended period of abstinence is the number 1 cause of drug-addiction relapse(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-11/dnl-hft111208.php)
Analytic thinking can decrease religious belief(http://www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca/2012/04/26/analytic-thinking-can-decrease-religious-belief-ubc-study/)
California's 3-strikes law has not reduced violent crime, but has contributed significantly to the state's financial woes by substantially increasing the prison population (http://ucrtoday.ucr.edu/3557)
when torture is used to elicit information, it is likely to be unexpectedly harsh yet ineffective(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-03/sp-ite032712.php)
people who have used amphetamines/amfetamins such as benzedrine and dexedrine appear to be at an increased risk of developing Parkinson's disease(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-02/aaon-uam020811.php)
Giving amphetamines to adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can help them control their symptoms(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-07/w-stu072711.php)
new vaccines designed to combat cocaine and methamphetamine dependencies not only relieve addiction but also minimize withdrawal symptoms(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-06/bcom-vhk062107.php)
Scientists are reporting development of 3 promising formulations that could be used in a vaccine to treat methamphetamine addiction(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-09/acs-nac091411.php)
An extract of the Chinese herb kudzu dramatically reduces drinking and may be useful in the treatment of alcoholism and curbing binge drinking(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-05/mh-mhs051612.php)
study explains how power can fuel overconfidence, which negatively impacts decision-making
overall sense of control that comes with power tends to make people feel overconfident in their ability to make good decisions
This leaves the powerful vulnerable to making overconfident decisions that lead them to dead-end alleys
research team hypothesized that blocking the subjective sense of power among high-power participants, by directing attention to the limits of their personal competence, would cause their overconfidence to go away
The most effective leaders bring people around them who critique them. As a power holder, the smartest thing you might ever do is bring people together who will inspect your thinking and who aren't afraid to challenge your ideas
(reminds me of power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely and The Dunning-Kruger effect, a cognitive bias in which unskilled individuals suffer from illusory superiority, mistakenly rating their ability much higher than average)(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-03/umso-dpc030112.php and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/dunning-kruger_effect)
New research suggests that the upper classes are more likely to behave dishonorably than those lower on the economic spectrum. The rich are more likely to cheat, steal, and even disobey traffic laws than those with less money and power
Studies involving money games show that upper-class subjects keep more for themselves, and U.S. surveys find that the rich give a smaller percentage of their income to charity than do the poo
Drivers of shiny, expensive cars were 3 times more likely than those of old clunkers to plow through a crosswalk, failing to yield to pedestrians as required by California state law. High-status motorists were also 4 times more likely than those with cheaper, older cars to cut off other drivers at a four-way stop.
those with power are more apt to condemn behavior that they themselves engage in(http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2012/02/shame-on-the-rich.html, http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/02/21/1118373109 and http://newscenter.berkeley.edu/2012/02/27/greed/)
people who behave more altruistically than others have more gray matter at the junction between the parietal and temporal lobe(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-07/uoz-tmg071112.php)
During the wakeful resting portion, participants were asked to just rest quietly with their eyes closed in a darkened room for 10 minutes. Participants remembered much more story material when the story presentation had been followed by a period of wakeful resting(http://www.psychologicalscience.org/index.php/news/releases/boosting-new-memories-with-wakeful-resting.html)
Stroboscopic training, performing a physical activity while using eyewear that simulates a strobe-like experience, has been found to increase visual short-term memory retention, and the effects lasted 24 hours(http://dibs.duke.edu/news/press-releases/2012/07/23/strobe-eyewear-training-improves-visual-memory/)
Raising levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine, using tolcapone, a medication approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that inhibits a dopamine-degrading enzyme, in the frontal cortex of the brain significantly decreased impulsivity in healthy adults(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-07/uoc--idi072512.php)
multitasking is also a major cause of prospective memory failure, measures that can help to remember and carry out intended actions:
Use external memory aids such as the alerting calendar on cell phones
Avoid multitasking when one of your tasks is critical
Carry out crucial tasks now instead of putting them off until later
Create reminder cues that stand out and put them in a difficult-to-miss spot
Link the target task to a habit that you have already established
Policies that reward abstinence from terrorism are more successful in reducing such acts of violence than tactics that aim to punish terrorists(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-07/asa-sct072412.php)
For the human brain, learning a new task when rules change can be a surprisingly difficult process marred by repeated mistakes(http://news.msu.edu/story/when-rules-change-brain-falters/)
Bilingual children outperform children who only speak one language in problem-solving skills and creative thinking(http://www.strath.ac.uk/press/newsreleases/headline_643421_en.html)
Patients with hoarding disorder exhibited abnormal activity in regions of the brain that was stimulus dependent when deciding what to do with objects that did or did not belong to them(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-08/jaaj-sed080212.php)
Treatment with growth hormone-releasing hormone appears to be associated with favorable cognitive effects among both adults with mild cognitive impairment and healthy older adults(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-08/jaaj-see080212.php)
low doses of the drug naltrexone with the drug buprenorphine, made laboratory rats less likely to take cocaine compulsively and fight cocaine addiction(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-08/sri-srs080712.php)
Thinking Abstractly May Help to Boost Self-Control categorizing things abstractly into broad categories (called high-level construal) allows us to psychologically distance ourselves from the pushes and pulls of the immediate moment. This, in turn, makes us more sensitive to the broad implications of our behavior and leads us to show greater consistency between our values and our behavior(http://www.psychologicalscience.org/index.php/news/releases/thinking-abstractly-may-help-to-boost-self-control.html)
addiction to morphine and heroin can be blocked, while at the same time increasing pain relief(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-08/uoa-scn081412.php)
Elderly subjects who underwent temporal training using Fast ForWord Language, a program comprised of several computer games designed to improve memory, attention, and sequencing abilities, improved not only the rate at which they processed auditory information, but also in other cognitive areas(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-08/ip-srp082012.php)
managers, given their increased pressure for frequent and rapid decisions, prefer a more heuristic, automated decision-making approach than non-managers do(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-08/plos-mra082012.php)
persistent, dependent use of marijuana/cannabis before age 18 has been shown to cause lasting harm to a person's intelligence, attention and memory(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-08/du-apu082412.php)
MDA7, developed to treat neuropathic pain, induced beneficial immune responses that limited the development of Alzheimer's disease. Treatment with the compound restored cognition, memory and synaptic plasticity in an animal model(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-08/cc-ccr083112.php)
while the have-nots reach out to one another in times of trouble, the wealthy are more apt to find comfort in material possessions(http://newscenter.berkeley.edu/2012/08/30/chaos-psychology/)
Simple tool may help inexperienced psychiatrists better predict violence risk in patients(http://www.uofmhealth.org/news/archive/201209/simple-tool-may-help-inexperienced-psychiatrists-better)
Exceptional upward mobility in the U.S. is a myth. A lot of people constantly make the error of making decision on the basis of the samples that support their preconceived notions rather than making decision on the basis of the entire distribution(http://www.sampler.isr.umich.edu/2012/research/exceptional-upward-mobility-in-the-us-is-a-myth-international-studies-show/)
professional football players may be at a higher risk of death from diseases that damage the cells in the brain, such as Alzheimer's disease and ALS (also known as Lou Gehrig's disease), compared to the general US population(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-09/aaon-npm082812.php)
attesting to the truthfulness of the information before a form is filled out tends to activate people's moral sense, making it harder for them to fudge their numbers after(http://www.rotman.utoronto.ca/Connect/MediaCentre/NewsReleases/20120913%20Honestly.aspx)
Self-Control May Not Be a Limited Resource After All(http://www.psychologicalscience.org/index.php/news/releases/self-control-may-not-be-a-limited-resource-after-all.html)
Misinformation is especially sticky when it conforms to our preexisting political, religious, or social point of view. Because of this, ideology and personal worldviews can be especially difficult obstacles to overcome, rejecting information actually requires cognitive effort. Lewandowsky and colleagues offer some strategies for setting the record straight.
Provide people with a narrative that replaces the gap left by false information
Focus on the facts you want to highlight, rather than the myths
Make sure that the information you want people to take away is simple and brief
Consider your audience and the beliefs they are likely to hold
Strengthen your message through repetition
Neuroimaging predicts course of substance addiction treatment(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-10/iu-ror101212.php)
Marijuana use may cause cannabinoid hyperemesis a little-known but costly effect that researchers suggest is a serious burden to the health care system as it often leads to expensive diagnostic tests and ineffective treatments in an effort to find the cause(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-10/acog-mum101912.php)
Exendin-4, drug currently used to treat type 2 diabetes could be just as effective in treating addiction to drugs, including cocaine(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-10/vumc-vrf102312.php)
catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene marker for placebo response identified in IBS patients: People with 2 copies of met, the "met/mets," have 3 to 4 times more dopamine available in their prefrontal cortex, the brain area associated with cognition, personality expression, decision making and social behavior than the people with 2 copies of val, among the individuals who had received placebo treatment from the warm supportive health care providers, there was a striking difference: the "met/mets" demonstrated a 6-fold greater improvement in their IBS symptoms relative to the "val/vals."(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-10/bidm-gmf102112.php)
comparison of brain scans from 2 3-year-old children reveals new evidence of the remarkable impact a mother's love has on a child's brain development: child with the shrunken brain was neglected and abused by its mother, and the child with the larger and more fully developed brain was raised in a loving, supportive home and was looked after by its mother(http://www.medicaldaily.com/articles/12936/20121029/chilling-brain-scans-show-impact-mothers-love.htm)
abstract thinking enhances creativity and open-mindedness can make you more politically moderate(http://www.news.illinois.edu/news/12/1102abstract_thinking_JessePreston_DanielYang_IvanHernandez.html)
Liberals and conservatives who are polarized on certain politically charged subjects become more moderate when reading political arguments in a difficult-to-read font(http://www.news.illinois.edu/news/12/1102disfluency_JessePreston_IvanHernandez.html)
marijuana/cannabis use causes a temporary cognitive breakdown in non-psychotic individuals, leading to long-term psychosis(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-11/f-cum110212.php)
researchers investigated test subjects ranging in age from 65 to 75 years, who were given L-DOPA, a precursor of dopamine. Treated subjects performed better in a memory test than a comparison group, who had taken a placebo(http://www.dzne.de/en/about-us/public-relations/meldungen/2012/press-release-no-24.html and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L-dopa)
Employers are often more focused on hiring someone they would like to hang out with than they are on finding the person who can best do the job(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-11/asa-eom112712.php)
extending nightly sleep in mildly sleepy, healthy adults increases daytime alertness and reduces pain sensitivity(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-12/aaos-esr112812.php)
According to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), up to 80% of scam victims are over 65. 1 explanation may lie in a brain region that serves as a built-in crook detector. Called the anterior insula, this structure, which fires up in response to the face of an unsavory character, is less active in older people, possibly making them less cagey than younger folks(http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2012/12/why-old-people-get-scammed.html)
Salvia miltiorrhiza extract inhibits alcohol absorption, preference, and discrimination in sP rats(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10386667)
Electric stimulation of brain releases powerful, opiate-like painkiller(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-01/uom-eso010213.php)
Racial Essentialism Reduces Creative Thinking By Making People More Closed-Minded, it might be possible to use these findings to devise an intervention program that reduces racial essentialist beliefs, thereby leading participants not only to become more socially tolerant but also to unleash their creative potential in the process(http://www.psychologicalscience.org/index.php/news/releases/racial-essentialism-reduces-creative-thinking-by-making-people-more-closed-minded.html)
The ability to focus and switch tasks readily amid distractions was compromised for up to 2 months following brain concussions suffered by high school athletes(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-01/uoo-cdf010713.php)
Short interruptions, such as the few seconds it takes to silence that buzzing smartphone, have a surprisingly large effect on one's ability to accurately complete a task(http://msutoday.msu.edu/news/2013/brief-interruptions-spawn-errors/)
Seniors who have spoken 2 languages since childhood are faster than single-language speakers at switching from 1 task to another, lifelong bilinguals also show different patterns of brain activity when making the switch(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-01/sfn-ssc010413.php)
A team of scientists who analyzed the brain tissue of renowned NFL linebacker Junior Seau after his suicide in 2012 have concluded the football player suffered a debilitating brain disease likely caused by two decades worth of hits to the head. A team of independent researchers who did not know they were studying Seau's brain all concluded he suffered from chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a degenerative disease typically caused by multiple hits to the head(http://abcnews.go.com/US/junior-seau-diagnosed-brain-disease-caused-hits-head/story?id=18171785)
Studying over time and quizzing yourself on material before the big test are highly effective learning strategies. Both techniques have been shown to boost students' performance across many different kinds of tests, and their effectiveness has been repeatedly demonstrated for students of all ages. 5 of the techniques received a low utility rating from the researchers. Notably, these techniques are some of the most common learning strategies used by students, including summarization, highlighting and underlining, and rereading(http://www.psychologicalscience.org/index.php/news/releases/which-study-strategies-make-the-grade.html)
Why entrepreneurs innovate better than managers: managers and entrepreneurs did not differ in the probability with which they would undertake explorative courses of action. But when entrepreneurs did select explorative tasks, they used both the left and right sides of the frontal cortex of their brain whereas managers only used their left parts of the frontal cortex(http://www.networkworld.com/community/blog/why-entrepreneurs-innovate-better-managerse)
Supplementing children's diets with fish oil, enrolling them in quality preschool, and engaging them in interactive reading all turn out to be effective ways to raise a young child's intelligence(http://www.psychologicalscience.org/index.php/news/releases/diet-parental-behavior-and-preschool-can-boost-childrens-iq.html)
Respondents considered to be in the high impulsivity track as early as first grade doubled the odds of meeting criteria for at-risk/problem gambling, and tripled the odds of meeting criteria for problem gambling(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-11/cums-iif112012.php)
Feeding the amino acid l-tryptophan/l-tryptofan to young female pigs as part of their regular diet makes them less aggressive(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-03/usdo-tdr031810.php)
implementation of overdose education and naloxone distribution (OEND) was associated with a significant reduction in opioid overdose death rates(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-02/bumc-oeb020113.php)
Students who work together and interact online are more likely to be successful in their college classes(http://www.jacobsschool.ucsd.edu/news/news_releases/release.sfe?id=1308)
English Premier League soccer players, NHL hockey players, France's Top 14 club rugby players, and even elite amateur athletes have better developed cognitive functions than the average university student(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-01/uom-jbb012913.php)
just 3, 7-minute writing exercises administered online, prevents couples from losing that loving feeling(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-02/nu-2mt020513.php)
Researchers are able to detect deficits in social attention in infants as young as 6 months of age who later develop Autism Spectrum Disorders. The results showed that these infants paid less attention to people and their activities than typically developing babies(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-02/yu-yrs020513.php)
Scientists used a distraction learning strategy to help older adults overcome age-related forgetting and boost their performance to that of younger adults(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-02/bcfg-smo022113.php)
Bilingual children have a better working memory, which holds, processes and updates transitory information than monolingual children(http://canal.ugr.es/social-economic-and-legal-sciences/item/63121)
While criticism from team members sends individuals into downward performance spirals, external criticism can be a trigger that boosts performance as people try to prove the outsiders wrong(http://www.exeter.ac.uk/news/featurednews/title_260628_en.html)
Viewers of prime-time crime dramas, like NCIS, CSI or Law & Order, are more inclined than non-viewers to see themselves intervening on behalf of the victim of a sexual assault(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-02/wsu-fcd021913.php)
Bullied children grow into adults who are at increased risk of developing anxiety disorders, depression and suicidal thoughts(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-02/dumc-bcc021913.php)
link between untreated depression and response to the shingles vaccine(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-02/uoc--uss021913.php)
Smokeless tobacco users who said they didn't want to quit changed their minds or significantly cut back when given nicotine lozenges or tobacco-free snuff(http://www.mayoclinic.org/news2013-rst/7327.html)
For chronic pain sufferers, such as people who develop back pain after a car accident, avoiding the harmful effects of stress may be key to managing their condition. This is particularly important for people with a smaller-than-average hippocampus, as these individuals seem to be particularly vulnerable to stress(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-02/uom-pcp022213.php)
A region of the brain known to play a key role in visual and spatial processing has a parallel function: sorting visual information into categories(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-03/uocm-ort030513.php)
Scientists have watched a mild traumatic brain injury play out in the living brain, prompting swelling that reduces blood flow and connections between neurons to die(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-03/mcog-emt030713.php)
The brain's prefrontal cortex is thought to be the seat of cognitive control, working as a kind of filter that keeps irrelevant thoughts, perceptions and memories from interfering with a task at hand. Inhibiting this filter can boost performance for tasks in which unfiltered, creative thoughts present an advantage(http://www.upenn.edu/pennnews/news/penn-researchers-show-suppressing-brain-s-filter-can-improve-performance-creative-tasks)
Playing shooting or driving videogames, even for a relatively short time, improves the ability to search for a target hidden among irrelevant distractions in complex scenes(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-03/uot-pav031413.php)
Cocaine causes cells in the nucleus accumbens to boost production of 2 proteins, 1 associated with addiction and the other related to learning(http://msutoday.msu.edu/news/2013/discovery-could-yield-treatments-for-cocaine-addicts/)
Students who date in middle school have significantly worse study skills, are four times more likely to drop out of school and report twice as much alcohol, tobacco and marijuana use than their single classmates(http://news.uga.edu/releases/article/dating-in-middle-school-leads-to-higher-dropout-drug-use-rates)
elite athletes excel not only in their sport of choice but also in how fast their brains take in and respond to new information(http://news.illinois.edu/news/13/0318athlete_cognition_ArtKramer.html)
Teen-age college students are significantly more likely to abstain from drinking or to drink only minimally when their parents talk to them before they start college(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-03/ps-ptb031913.php)
L-dopa, more commonly known as Levodopa, a drug widely used to treat Parkinson's Disease can help to reverse age-related impairments in decision making in some older people(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-03/wt-pdh032213.php)
Convicts showing low activity in a brain region associated with decision-making and action are more likely to be arrested again, and sooner. Men who were in the lower half of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) activity ranking had a 2.6-fold higher rate of rearrest for all crimes and a 4.3-fold higher rate for nonviolent crimes(http://www.nature.com/news/brain-scans-predict-which-criminals-are-more-likely-to-reoffend-1.12672)
tablet-based test that detects concussions on the spot, by analyzing the voice(http://www.gizmag.com/tablet-concussion-voice/26883/)
Laser Light Zaps Away Cocaine Addiction: Billy Chen and his colleagues took light-sensitive proteins called rhodopsins and used genetic engineering to insert them into neurons in the rat’s prefrontal cortex. Activating this region with a laser tuned to the rhodopsins turned the nerve cells on and off. Turning on these cells wiped out the compulsive behavior, while switching them off turned the non-addicted ones into addicted, researchers found.(http://www.ucsf.edu/news/2013/04/104831/laser-light-zaps-away-cocaine-addiction)
new treatment for alcoholism called nalmefene(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nalmefene) is effective and safe for reducing alcohol consumption in alcohol dependent individuals(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-04/e-ant041113.php)
Teenagers who increased the days on which they got just 20 minutes of exercise were able to cut down on their smoking habit. And teenage smokers were more likely to quit altogether if they participated in a smoking cessation/fitness program and they ramped up the days on which they got at least 30 minutes of physical activity(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-04/gwu-sdw040413.php)
scientists have been able to predict how much pain people are feeling by looking at images of their brains(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-04/uoca-fom040913.php)
People buy larger amounts of soda when purchasing packs of smaller drinks than when offered single servings of different sized drinks(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-04/plos-pbm040513.php)
A brain-training task that increases the number of items an individual can remember over a short period of time may boost performance in other problem-solving tasks by enhancing communication between different brain areas(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-04/cns-ttb041513.php)
Propranolol(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/propranolol), a drug commonly used to treat high blood pressure, anxiety and panic, improves the working memory performance of individuals with autism spectrum disorders(http://munews.missouri.edu/news-releases/2013/0415-drug-could-improve-working-memory-of-people-with-autism-mu-study-finds/)
a single 15-minute session of high frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation over the prefrontal cortex temporarily reduced cue-induced smoking craving in nicotine-dependent individuals(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-04/e-stb041613.php)
Prisoners who are psychopaths lack the basic neurophysiological "hardwiring" that enables them to care for others(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-04/uoc-pan042313.php)
Clenching your right hand may help form a stronger memory of an event or action, and clenching your left may help you recollect the memory later(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-04/plos-crf041913.php)
Seniors who played the Road Tour video game reportedly experienced an improvement in their cognitive skills and executive function, a key aspect of our memory, attention, perception, and problem solving skills(http://www.gizmag.com/seniors-video-game-cognitive-improvement/27367/)
Individual brain cells track where we are and how we move(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-05/uoc--uss050213.php)
self-affirmation improves problem-solving under stress (standard self-affirmation exercise = Participants randomly assigned to a self-affirmation condition were asked to write a couple of sentences about why their number one ranked value was important) (http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-05/cmu-cmr050313.php)
The nocebo effect: media reports may trigger symptoms of a disease. Media reports about substances that are supposedly hazardous to health may cause suggestible people to develop symptoms of a disease even though there is no objective reason for doing so. This is the conclusion of a study of the phenomenon known as electromagnetic hypersensitivity(http://www.uni-mainz.de/presse/16366_ENG_HTML.php)
The stimulant drug methylphenidate/metylfenidat normalizes activation of several brain areas in young patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-05/wkh-ma050913.php, http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metylfenidat and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methylphenidate)
Women whose breast cancer had been treated with chemotherapy demonstrated improved executive function, such as cognitive flexibility, verbal fluency and processing speed after using exercises developed by Lumosity, the leading online cognitive training program. The study also found significant improvement in self-reported measures of everyday executive function and observed some transfer to verbal memory(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-05/l-cti051313.php)
new study suggests that a gentle, painless electrical current applied to the brain can boost math performance for up to 6 months(http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2013/05/trouble-with-math-maybe-you-shou.html)
Some findings of modern science about lack of sleep/sliip deprivation:
5 nights of restricted sleep, 4 hours a night, affect the brain in a way similar to that seen after acute total sleep deprivation(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-08/uow-brs080910.php)
Lack of sleep found to be a new risk factor for aggressive breast cancers(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-08/uhcm-los082712.php)
Disruptions to the circadian rhythm can affect the growth of blood vessels in the body, thus causing illnesses such as diabetes, obesity, and cancer(http://www.liu.se/forskning/forskningsnyheter/1.356215?l=en)
many residents are exposed to high noise levels that put them at risk of annoyance or sleep disturbance, which can have serious health consequences(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-09/ehs-srt090712.php)
abnormalities in bone and bone marrow in rats undergoing chronic lack of sleep(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-09/sfeb-los_1091812.php)
increasing the amount of sleep that teenagers get could improve their insulin resistance and prevent the future onset of diabetes(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-09/aaos-los092812.php)
melatonin supplementation significantly improved sleep in hypertensive patients taking beta-blockers(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-09/bawh-mho092512.php)
possible link between mind wandering and aging: those who reported more mind wandering had shorter telomeres, while those who reported more presence in the moment, or having a greater focus and engagement with their current activities, had longer telomeres, even after adjusting for current stress(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-11/uoc--wma111612.php)
Poor sleep in old age prevents the brain from storing memories(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-01/uoc--psi012513.php)
Loss of sleep, even for a single night, increases inflammation in the body(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-09/e-los090208.php)
Evidence mounts that short or poor sleep can lead to increased eating and risk of diabetes(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2009-04/foas-emt041709.php)
Chronic insomnia with short sleep duration is a significant risk factor for hypertension(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2009-04/aaos-ciw032609.php)
Longer sleep duration associated with lower incidence of calcification in coronary arteries
The incidence of calcification at 5 years was 12.3% (n = 61 participants). After
adjusting for age, sex, race, education, smoking and apnea risk, the researchers found that
one hour more of sleep per night decreased the estimated odds of calcification by 33%.
The magnitude of the observed association was similar to sizable differences in established
coronary risk factors (e.g., 1 additional hour of sleep reduced risk similarly to a reduction
of 16.5 mm Hg in systolic blood pressure). No potential mediators appreciably altered the
magnitude or significance of sleep. Alternative sleep metrics were not significantly
associated with calcification.(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-12/jaaj-lsd121808.php)
From Matthew Walker, a world class sleep researcher at University of California, Berkeley, he appeared on 60 minutes: Sounds stop body from entering what's called "deep sleep" after 4 nights without deep sleep they have found that, like prior study subjects, he is hungrier, less alert, and most importantly, his body is no longer able to metabolize sugar effectively, putting him temporarily at increased risk for Type 2 diabetes(http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/03/14/60minutes/main3939721_page5.shtml)
A study of the effects of music levels on drinking in a bar setting has found that loud music leads to more drinking in less time (http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-07/ace-lmc071308.php)
Sleep deprivation causes some people to shift from a more automatic, implicit process of information categorization (information-integration) to a more controlled, explicit process (rule-based). This use of rule-based strategies in a task in which information-integration strategies are optimal can lead to potentially devastating errors when quick and accurate categorization is fundamental to survival(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2009-11/aaos-sst102809.php)
Sleep deprivation adversely affects automatic, accurate responses and can lead to potentially devastating errors, a finding of particular concern among firefighters, police officers, soldiers and others who work in a sleep-deprived state(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2009-11/uota-sdn111609.php)
1 sleepless night can induce insulin resistance in healthy people(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-05/tes-osn050310.php)
At high levels, noise can damage hearing, and at lower levels it can disrupt sleep patterns, interfere with communications, and even cause accidents(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-10/naos-ree100710.php)
Drivers who frequently take to the road with the top down may be risking serious damage to their hearing(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2009-10/aaoo-doc092809.php)
Sleep disturbances increase the risk of work disability and may slow the return to work process. This is especially true in cases where work disability is due to mental disorders or musculoskeletal diseases(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-10/aof-sds102510.php)
When people lose hope that they will ever get another good night's sleep, they become at high risk for suicide(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-02/ghsu-lho021413.php)
Compared to individuals with normal hearing, those individuals with a mild, moderate and severe hearing loss, respectively, had a 2- , 3- and 5- fold increased risk of developing dementia over the course of the study(http://www.lef.org/news/LefDailyNews.htm?NewsID=18108)
Simple measures to promote sleep can reduce delirium in intensive care patients, Delirium can lead to short- and long-term confusion and memory problems. A team of doctors, nurses, and others in the medical intensive care unit at Johns Hopkins implemented a project to reduce nighttime noise, light, and staff interruptions, and switching certain medications. They were able to reduce delirium and improve patient perceptions about the quality of their sleep.(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-02/jhm-smt021913.php)
Just a week of inadequate sleep can alter the activity of hundreds of genes, which may help scientists explain how wakeful nights can lead to ailments such as diabetes, obesity and heart disease.(http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-02-25/sleep-loss-alters-genes-while-raising-risk-of-disease.html)
compelling association between exercise and better sleep(http://www.sleepfoundation.org/alert/national-sleep-foundation-poll-finds-exercise-key-good-sleep)
Musicians who practiced and learned a new melody and were tested on it again after a night's sleep showed enhanced learning, says researcher Sarah Allen, Southern Methodist University, Dallas. The study found, however, that when 2 similar musical pieces were practiced one after the other, followed by sleep, any gains in speed and accuracy were diminished(http://blog.smu.edu/research/2013/04/10/musicians-who-learn-a-new-melody-demonstrate-enhanced-skill-after-a-nights-sleep)
Lack of sleep blights pupils' education, children who have more sleep achieve higher in maths, science and reading(http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-22209818)
Study finds that insomnia may be an important indicator of future hospitalization among middle-aged and older adults. Insomnia symptoms include difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or both, and individuals with insomnia often report getting too little sleep, having poor sleep quality and not feeling refreshed when they wake up.(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-05/jhub-fha050913.php)
yahoo small business services (http://smallbusiness.yahoo.com/)
onsdag 05 oktober 2011: Adjö Steve Jobs, du vara vädig
Jason Henderson, Assistant Professor, Geography and Automobility, San Francisco State University
Dan Ariely's http://www.predictablyirrational.com, Dan pleads to have laws based on how humans behave NOT on how they are supposed to behave according to some theoretical assumptions
Step By Step Guide (https://wwws.whitehouse.gov/petition-tool/how-why/step-step-guide)to create a new petition on (https://wwws.whitehouse.gov/user)
Association of Bay Area Governments (ABAG) on wikipedia(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Association_of_Bay_Area_Governments)
Sigil is a multi-platform EPUB ebook editor(http://code.google.com/p/sigil/)
Java SE Downloads(http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/index.html)
Some Logical Fallacies to be aware of(http://lifesnow.com/bingo/)
email: gct @at@ dslextreme .H2O remove blanks and other obvious characters and replace h2o with com